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The Camshaft Position Sensor is an electronic device used in an engine to record the rate at which the camshaft is spinning. This information is used by the Engine Control Module (ECM) to control ignition and fuel injection. The camshaft position sensor senses the retraction of camshaft (intake) to identify a particular cylinder. The camshaft position sensor senses the piston position. The sensor system consists of a rotating part, typically a disc, as well as a static part, the actual sensor.
When the engine is running, the high and low parts of the teeth cause the gap with the sensor to change. The changing gap causes the magnetic field near the sensor to change. The change in the magnetic field cause the voltage from the sensor to change.
When the crankshaft position sensor system becomes inoperative, the camshaft position sensor provides various controls of engine parts instead, utilizing timing of cylinder identification signals.
Bad sensor symptoms (DTC P0390):
No- or hard start, long crank time, misfire, lack of power, excessive hydrocarbons in oil, spark plug fouling, catalytic converter failure, poor fuel economy, CEL/MIL illumination or intermittent shutdown.
Sometimes and in some models, low battery voltage or a weak starter can can trigger a Camshaft Position Sensor code.
Mopar p/n 5149054AC (fits most 3.7L, 4.7L, 5.7L, 6.1L and 6.4L engines) $14.85 MSRP
5.7L / 6.1L sensor location. (1) sensor, (2) timing cover, (3) 10mm mounting bolt, (4) harness connector